The History of Chinese Medicine

Sheng Nung (3494 BC)

  • World's earliest discovery of medicine.
  • World's first pharmacist.
  • Also known as the Divine Plowman or the Divine Healer.
  • Agriculturist and herbalist who used taste to understand properties and values.
  • Recorded the use of an herbal remedy to treat fever.
  • Verbally handed down.

Huang Di (2674 BC)

  • Yellow Emperor - ancestor of Chinese race.
  • Medical expert.
  • With Chi Po wrote the "Nei Jing".
  • Healing, taste herbs, herbs, meridians, cause of disease.
  • Dialogue, theories of life and death.

Chia-Ku-Wen (1766 - 1154 BC)

  • Divining phrases with respect to disease and recovery.
  • Prayer
  • Witchcraft

Wooden / Bamboo Slips (475 - 221 BC)

  • Warring states period
  • Notes/records - drugs and formulas, herb teas

Chin Yoeh Jen (407 - 310 BC)

  • 1st Acupuncturist - observing, listing, questioning, palpation.
  • Treated the prince.
  • GP - travelled - gynecopathy, gerontology, paediatrics - King of Drugs
  • Assassinated via Lee (Royal Medico)

Nei Jing (The book of Interior) (100 BC)

  • 1st medical book (Huang Di)
  • 18 Volumes - book anterior, 37 volumes - book exterior
  • physiology
  • pathology
  • therapeutics
  • disease classification
  • meridian
  • Chinese philosophy

Hua Tuo (110 - 207 AD)

  • 1st surgeon
  • invented anaesthesia (hemp)
  • plaster (mulberry paper)
  • Internal medicine (parasites)

Chang Chung-Ching (142 - 220 AD)

  • 1st Medical specialist - identification and discussions - 6 divisions
  • Disease and fevers book, summarises of household remedies.

Wang Su-Ho (210 - 285 AD)

  • Pulse expert (The book on Pulse) - 10 volumes to Korea, Japan, Middle East, India.
  • Diets with seasons.

Li Tyung Yuan (1180 - 1251 AD)

  • Physician.
  • Prescribing drugs.
  • Theory of visceral diseases.
  • Interior/Exterior diseases

Chu Tan Chi (1281 - 1358 AD)

  • Physician
  • Yin/Yang theories of disease.

Li Shin-Chen (1518 - 1593 AD)

  • China's greatest naturalist pulses, rare meridians, clinical cases, herb catalogue.

Wang Ken Tang (1549 - 1613 AD)

  • Revisionist of medical books, calligraphist.

Wu Yu Ko (1592 - 1672 AD)

  • Contagious disease (theory of plague)
  • Disease substance epidemics - contact, air - pathogens.

Fu Ching Cho (1607 - 1684 AD)

  • Gynaecologist.

Yeh Tien Shih (1667 - 1746 AD)

  • empiricist of internal medicine
  • diagnostic techniques - season diseases, fevers, clinical guides.

Hsieh Sheng Pai (1681 - 1770 AD)

  • Internist
  • Medical abstracts

Chen Hsiu Yuan (1752 - 1823 AD)

  • Medical author - 20 books (notes on general diseases)
  • International fame - educate public

Wang Ching Jen (1768 - 1831)

  • Physiological anatomist of man and animals, organs, arteries (protecting vessels), veins (nourishing), drawings, brain (wisdom) Qi/Xue classification.

Hsish Li Heng (1879 - 1950 AD)

  • 20th century Chinese medical history
  • 3.5 million characters
  • 32 editions
  • teacher.

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