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Research

20/03/2007 - Electro Acupuncture produces a cardioprotective effect against ischemia and reperfusion which may be mediated via the beta(1)-AR-Gs-protein-cAMP pathway

Country: China

Institute: Department of Physiology, Institute of Acupuncture, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, PR China.

Author(s): Gao J, Fu W, Jin Z, Yu X.

Journal: Life Sci. 2007 Jan 20; [Epub ahead of print]

Abstract:

Our previous study showed that a cardioprotective effect was produced by pretreatment with acupuncture at bilateral Neiguan acupoints (PC6) and the effect of EA was diminished by propranolol, a nonspecific antagonist of beta-adrenoceptors (beta-ARs) which are the most powerful cardiac receptors, indicating an involvement of beta-ARs. The present study explored further the signaling mechanism underlying the cardioprotective effect of acupuncture pretreatment in rats subjected to myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (MIR). Myocardial ischemia was achieved by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery and reperfusion by releasing the ligation.

Adult rats were divided into three groups, namely, a normal control (NC) group, a group subjected to ischemia and reperfusion (IR) only, and a group given electro-acupuncture (EA) before IR. For EA, bilateral Neiguan points (PC6) of the rats were stimulated for 30 min once a day for 3 consecutive days. The ST segment of ECG, the ratio of infarct size over risk zone, and the contents of beta(1)-adrenoceptor (beta(1)-AR), Gsalpha protein and cAMP in ischemic myocardium were compared among the three groups.

IR increased the elevation of ECG ST segment, myocardial infarct size, contents of beta(1)-AR, Gsalpha protein and cAMP. These effects were attenuated by EA pretreatment at bilateral Neiguan acupoints.

In conclusion, the present results indicate that EA produces cardioprotective effect against IR which may be mediated via the beta(1)-AR-Gs-protein-cAMP pathway.

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